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Extracts from the Domesday Book

By Patrick Meredith
 

DEVENESCIRE

 

William the Conqueror wanted to know what his new realm was worth.

The King's commissioners, with monks as clerks and soldiers to protect them, would have visited Clayhidon and made a thorough survey. The Commissioners had to learn how much the land was worth at the time of Edward the Confessor who died in 1066 and then what it was worth at the time of the survey in 1086.

 

Land of Baldwin the Sherriff

Otelin holds Clayton (Hidone) from Baldwin. Godwin held it before 1066. It paid tax for 3 hides. Land for 12 ploughs. In Lordship 3 ploughs; 6 slaves; 1 hide and 2 virgates.

14 villagers viral 6 smallholders with 5 ploughs and 1 hide and 2 virgates.

A mill which pays 30d; meadow, 26 acres; pasture 3 furlongs long and l furlong wide; woodland 1 league long and half league wide. 22 cattle; 12 pigs; 60 sheep; 27 goats.

Value formerly and now £4.

 

Otelin holds Bolham Water (Boleham) from Baldwin. Aelmer held it before 1066. It paid tax for 2 hides. Land for 6 ploughs. In Lordship 2 ploughs; 2 slaves; 1 hide.

8 villagers and 6 shareholders with 2 ploughs and 1 hide.

Meadow, 24 acres; pasture l league long and half league wide; woodland half league long and 1 furlong wide. 10 cattle; 50 sheep; 10 goats.

Formerly 20s; value now 35s.

 

Otelin holds Culm Pyne (Co1un) from Baldwin. Godwin held it before 1066. It paid tax for half hide and 1 furlong. Land for 4 ploughs. In Lordship 2 ploughs; 2 slaves; 1 virgate and 1 furlong.

4 villagers and 4 shareholders with 1 plough and 1 virgate.

 

A mill which pays 30d; meadow, 4 acres; woodland, 6 acres, pasture 2 furlongs long and 1 furlong wide. 9 cattle; 12 pigs; 40 sheep; 20 goats.

Formerly l0s; value now 20s.

 

Otelin holds Hole (Holne) from Baldwin. Edwulf held it before 1066. lt paid tax for half hide. Land for 2 ploughs, which are there, with 2 villagers. Pasture, 5 acres. Formerly waste; value now 5s.

 

Who then was Baldwin who held all the manors in Clayhidon? Baldwin de Brionne the great-grandson of Richard I,  Duke of Normandy, who had married Albreda, William's cousin, was made Sherriff of Devon when William became King of England. He was granted lands in Dorset and Somerset as well as l59 estates in Devon. In 1068 her subduing a rising in the west country, William left Baldwin to hold Exeter and complete the building of its castle, Rougemont. Baldwin's estates in East Devon formed part of the Honour of Okehampton, where Baldwin had his main power base outside Exeter. His estates in the Culm Valley included the four manors of Clayhidon parish as referred to in the Domesday Book.

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